Home > Embassy News
Spokesperson of the Chinese Embassy in Sweden: Some basic facts of Hong Kong-related Issues

On 28 May, the 3rd Session of the 13th National People's Congress (NPC) voted to adopt the Decision on Establishing and Improving the Legal System and Enforcement Mechanisms for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) to Safeguard National Security. To help the Swedish public understand the decision, we present the relevant facts and positions.

First, on 1 July 1997, the Chinese Government resumed sovereignty over Hong Kong. Hong Kong is a special administrative region of China. It is no longer a colony of the UK. National security legislation of Hong Kong SAR is purely a matter of China’s internal affairs, which allows no interference in any way by any foreign force with any excuse.

Second, the Chinese Government is firmly committed to faithfully implementing the “one country, two systems”, “Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong” and a high level of autonomy. “One country, two systems” is a holistic concept. “One country” is the premise and basis of “two systems”, and “two systems” depends on and originates from “one country”. “Two systems” is part of “one country”. Hong Kong SAR is not a “special region” that is independent from China’s Central Government, and “two systems” is not a pretext for external forces to interfere with Hong Kong affairs, or threaten China’s sovereignty, unity, territorial integrity and national security.

Third, the Sino-British Joint Declaration is essentially about confirming China takes back Hong Kong and that China resumes sovereignty over Hong Kong. Not a single word or paragraph in the Joint Declaration gives the UK any responsibility over Hong Kong after its handover. Since the return of Hong Kong, the legal basis of the Chinese Government governing Hong Kong is the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China and the Basic Law of Hong Kong, instead of the Sino-British Joint Declaration. According to international law and basic norms of international relations, no country or organization has the right to use the Joint Declaration to interfere with Hong Kong affairs.

Fourth, national security is part of national authority, instead of sub-national authority. In all countries, unitary and federal alike, only the State legislature has the legislative power on issues concerning national security. The central government has primary and ultimate responsibility for national security in all its administrative regions. It also enjoys and exercises all necessary power accordingly. This is the basic theory and principle of national sovereignty, and an established practice followed by countries around the world.

Fifth, Article 23 of the Basic Law clearly gives the SAR government constitutional duty and legislative obligation of safeguarding national security. However, due to the interference of anti-China forces seeking to disrupt Hong Kong and hostile external forces, the legislation required by Article 23 of the Basic Law could not be completed. At a time when national security in Hong Kong SAR faces a real threat and when it becomes clear that the SAR government cannot complete the required legislation by itself, it is in the power and obligation of the NPC, as the highest entity of state power, to plug the loophole in the national security in Hong Kong SAR through legislation in accordance with the Constitution and the Basic Law. It is entirely legitimate to make this decision.

Sixth, the NPC decision is targeted at the acts of secession of the country, subversion of State power, organizing and committing acts of terrorism and activities of foreign interference in Hong Kong affairs. It does not affect the majority of Hong Kong residents, nor does it affect Hong Kong’s high-level of autonomy, Hong Kong residents’ rights and freedoms or the legal rights of foreign investors in Hong Kong.

Seventh, Hong Kong is home to 7.5 million people. The people that can truly represent Hong Kong are the ones that support “one country, two systems” and love the country and Hong Kong, instead of the very narrow category of people that vandalize, commit arson and disrupt Hong Kong.

Eighth, there are over 190 countries and 7 billion people in the world. The mainstream of international community is represented by the vast majority of countries that support mutual respect, equality, non-interference and common development, instead of the very few countries that grossly interfere with China’s internal affairs such as the US, UK, Canada and Australia. These very few countries cannot represent the international community.

It is hoped that various sectors of Sweden will uphold fairness and justice on Hong Kong-related issues, and refrain from actions that damage China’s sovereignty, unity, territorial integrity and national security.

Suggest To A Friend: